Intubating Conditions with Rocuronium Bromide and Suxamethonium in Elective Surgeries: A Randomized Comparative Study

  • Kanchan Prakash Paudyal Sagarmatha Choudhary Eye Hospital, Lahan-3, Siraha, Nepal
  • Pawan Puspa Baral Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Rupandehi, Nepal
  • Laxmi Pathak Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Rupandehi, Nepal
Keywords: Rocuronium, succinylcholine, Tracheal intubating condition

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Adequate  intubating  condition  is  required  to  avoid  airway  trauma  and  adverse  sympathetic  responses. Though, Succinylcholine is considered as ideal drug, it has many contraindications. In search of alternative, rocuronium is found to have similar responses in higher doses. Therefore, our aim was to compare the effect of different dosages of rocuronium with sucinylcholine for tracheal intubation and the haemodynamic variables.

 MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective randomized comparative study was conducted in Universal College of Medical Sciences (UCMS-TH) in 90 (American Society of Anaesthesiologists Physical Status I and II) patients with age between 18 to 60 years scheduled for elective surgeries under general anesthesia. They were divided into 3 groups of 30 each using lottery system. Groups 1 and 2 received intravenous rocuronium 0.6mg/kg and 1mg/kg respectively whereas patients in group 3 received intravenous succinylcholine 1.5mg/kg. Under continuous monitoring, tracheal intubation attempt was done at 60 seconds after the administration of drug and intubating conditions were assessed according to Cooper et al four point scale.

 RESULTS: Only 26.7% of patients in group 1 exhibited excellent intubating condition whereas in groups 2 and 3, excellent intubating condition was exhibited in 100% when muscle relaxant was administered at 60 seconds with highly significant statistical difference between groups 1 and 3 with p value <0.001 without any adverse effects in any of these patients.

CONCLUSION: This study concluded that intubating response with inj. succinylcholine 1.5mg/kg is similar to rocuronium 1.0mg/kg and is superior to inj rocuronium 0.6mg/kg, for intubating condition at 60 seconds following the drug administration while using Cooper et al. Score.

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Author Biographies

Kanchan Prakash Paudyal, Sagarmatha Choudhary Eye Hospital, Lahan-3, Siraha, Nepal

Department of Anaesthesia

Pawan Puspa Baral, Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Rupandehi, Nepal

Department of Anesthesiology

Laxmi Pathak, Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Rupandehi, Nepal

Department of Anesthesiology

Published
2019-06-30
How to Cite
Paudyal, K., Baral, P., & Pathak, L. (2019). Intubating Conditions with Rocuronium Bromide and Suxamethonium in Elective Surgeries: A Randomized Comparative Study. Journal of Universal College of Medical Sciences, 7(1), 3-8. https://doi.org/10.3126/jucms.v7i1.24676
Section
Original Articles