Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Regarding Immunization among Medical Students

  • Rubina Shrestha Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal
  • Pradip Chhettri Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal
  • Chet Kant Bhusal Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal
  • Rajendra Ruchal Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal
  • Saneep Shrestha Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal
  • Bipan Shrestha Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal
Keywords: Health professionals, immunization, medical students

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Prevention of disease is the necessity of today's life. Immunization is the most important component of preventive medicine. Knowledge and attitude of health professionals have significant role in increasing the acceptance of immunization. This study is aimed to determine the association between knowledge and attitude towards immunization and its practice among medical students and emphasis on the need of immunization education intervention among medical students.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Institutional based cross-sectional study among 397 medical students studying Bachelor in Medicine and Bachelor in Surgery (MBBS) was conducted in Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal. Purposively 1st to 4th year medical students were selected.

RESULTS: Among 397 students, 59% had good knowledge regarding immunization, 63% had positive attitude and 47% had applied the knowledge and attitude in practice. Level of knowledge, attitude as well as practice regarding immunization was found statistically significant among medical students with their year of study. The analysis found that level of knowledge was more with 4th year students 89.47±7.92 and least with 1st year students 62.82±13.01. Third year and 4th year students had good attitude with mean score of 85.66±9.13 and 85.49 ± 9.51 respectively. Similarly, practice level was found more among 3rd  and 4th  year student, while least among 1st year students 39.89±21.16. There is statistically weekly positive correlation between knowledge, attitude and practice in overall among the medical students.

CONCLUSION: The acceptance of immunization can be increased by increasing the level of knowledge and attitude regarding immunization thus providing a foundation to include a comprehensive immunization education to medical students.

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Author Biographies

Rubina Shrestha, Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal

Department of Community Medicine

Pradip Chhettri, Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal

Department of Community Medicine

Chet Kant Bhusal, Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal

Department of Community Medicine

Rajendra Ruchal, Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal

Department of Community Medicine

Saneep Shrestha, Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal

Department of Community Medicine

Bipan Shrestha, Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal

Department of Orthopedics

Published
2019-07-02
How to Cite
Shrestha, R., Chhettri, P., Bhusal, C., Ruchal, R., Shrestha, S., & Shrestha, B. (2019). Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Regarding Immunization among Medical Students. Journal of Universal College of Medical Sciences, 7(1), 46-50. https://doi.org/10.3126/jucms.v7i1.24692
Section
Original Articles