Clinical, Socio-Demographic and Biochemical Variables in Patients With Covid-19: A Cross Sectional Study
Keywords:Biochemical, Clinical, Diabetes, Hypertension
Covid-19 is a debilitating disorder which affects the lungs with multiple organs involvement. The biochemical variables play important role in the management of the Covid-19 patients who are with different clinical proﬁle, socio-demographic, and co-morbid conditions like diabetes and hypertension.
MATERIAL AND METHODS
This cross sectional study was conducted in the Covid-19 hospitalized cases at UCMS, Bhairahawa. Total of 150 patients were enrolled in the study period from May 2021 and October 2021 whose clinical proﬁle, sociodemographic and biochemical variables were assessed.
The gender wise distribution shows the male dominancy with M:F ratio 1:0.85. The maximum age group vulnerable to Covid-19 in our study was found to be 41-60 years with median age of 47 years. There were constellations of symptom with shortness of breath 70% becoming ﬁrst followed by cough 67.3% and fever 54%. The frequency of diabetes and hypertension was 19.3% and 24% showing co-morbidity associated changes in biochemical parameters. The male to female differences in biochemical changes have been associated with Covid-19 patients, however age wise distribution do not show any difference in biochemical parameters.
COVID 19 patients have a high prevalence of diabetes and hypertension, which is a common morbidity. A few biochemical indices (D-dimer, LDH, CRP, and ALT) change signiﬁcantly between males and females. All biochemical parameters, on the other hand, are unaffected by age.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Universal College of Medical Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Authors have to give the following undertakings along with their article:
- I/we declare that this article is original and has not been submitted to another journal for publication.
- I/we declare that I/we surrender all the rights to the editor of the journal and if published will be the property of the journal and we will not publish it anywhere else, in full or part, without the permission of the Chief Editor.
- Institutional ethical and research committee clearance certificate from the institution where work/research was done, is required to be submitted.
- Articles in the Journal are Open Access articles published under the Creative Commons CC BY-NC License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/)
- This license permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and it is not used for commercial purposes.