Prevalence and Risk Factors of Asthma in School Going Children in South India

Authors

  • Anil Chankaramangalam Mathew Professor of Biostatistics, Department of Community Medicine, P S G Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu
  • TG Prince Trainee Biostatistician, Department of Statistical Sciences, Kannur University, Kannur, Kerala
  • R Remees Trainee Biostatistician, Department of Statistics, St. Thomas College, Pala, Kerala
  • N Saravanapandian Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, P S G Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu
  • S Ramalingam Assistant Professor,Department of Community Medicine, P S G Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu
  • K Srikanth Professor & HOD, Department of Tuberculosis and Chest diseases, P S G Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu
  • J Mathai Professor & HOD, Department of Pediatrics, P S G Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/nje.v2i1.6378

Keywords:

Asthma, Prevalence, Television watching, Food allergy, Low birth weight, Parental asthma

Abstract

Background

In India, the prevalence of asthma has increased over the last two decades especially in children and young adults. The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence of asthma in school going children aged 5-10 and 11-15 years in the city of Coimbatore and determine the risk factors associated with it.

Materials and methods

A school based cross-sectional study was conducted at the urban field practice area of PSGIMSR, Coimbatore between 1st June 2011 and 31st August 2011.  The questionnaire was filled by the parents and collected from the children. The data were analyzed using SPSS (11.5version).

Results

The prevalence of asthma among children aged 5-10 years was 9.5% (95%  Confidence Interval (CI) 7.49 – 11.50) and among children aged 11-15 years was 7.27% (95% CI 5.40 – 9.14). The Risk factors significantly associated with asthma among children aged 5-10 years were positive family history of asthma (Odds Ratio (OR)=3.10, 95% CI 1.80 - 5.36), longer duration of time spent in front of television and computer (OR=2.75, 95% CI 1.44 - 5.25), having food allergies (OR=2.36, 95% CI 1.19 - 4.68), and low birth weight of the child (OR=1.79, 95% CI 1.08 - 2.98). The factors significantly associated with asthma among children aged 11-15 years were positive family history of asthma (OR=2.99, 95% CI 1.34 - 6.64), poor ventilation (OR= 4.94, 95% CI 2.72 – 8.93), and use of pillows made up of wool, foam or synthetic material (OR=2.7, 95% CI 1.31 - 5.58).

Conclusion

Our data suggests that there is a high prevalence of asthma among school going children in Coimbatore. Parental history of asthma was a risk factor in both age groups studied. Television viewing for more than 2 hours, low birth weight and food allergy are additional risk factors for children aged 5-10 years. Poor ventilation and use of pillows made up of wool/ foam/ synthetic material are other risk factors in 11-15 years old children. Appropriate preventive strategies may help reduce the risk of asthma. Children with low birth weight and a family history of asthma need careful evaluation and long term follow up.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/nje.v2i1.6378

Nepal Journal of Epidemiology 2012;2 (1):171-178

 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract
1798
PDF
722

Downloads

Published

2012-03-31

How to Cite

Mathew, A. C., Prince, T., Remees, R., Saravanapandian, N., Ramalingam, S., Srikanth, K., & Mathai, J. (2012). Prevalence and Risk Factors of Asthma in School Going Children in South India. Nepal Journal of Epidemiology, 2(1), 171–178. https://doi.org/10.3126/nje.v2i1.6378

Issue

Section

Original Articles