Disease Pattern and Outcome of Neonates at Special Newborn Care Unit (SNCU) of Pokhara Academy of Health Science (PAHS), Nepal

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Keywords:

birth asphyxia, hyperbilirubinemia, mortality, neonatal, sepsis, prematurity

Abstract

Aims: This study was conducted to identify the causes and the outcome of neonates admitted to SNCU of Western Regional Hospital.

Methods: A retrospective study was conducted at SNCU of western Regional Hospital, a referral tertiary centre of  Western Region of Nepal from March 2016 to March 2017.

Results: Total of 1144 neonates were admitted in NICU comprised of 562 (49.12.%) neonatal sepsis, 164 (14.33%) neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, 120 (10.48%) birth asphyxia, 109 (9.52%) premature, 92 (8.04%) Meconium Aspiration Syndrome, 96 (8.39%) Congenital anomalies and 14 (1.22%) necrotizing enterocolitis. Out of neonatal sepsis, 20.62% were early onset and 28.49% late onset conditions. Among Birth asphyxia, 102 (85.00%) were of HIE I& II and 18 (15%) of  HIE III. Overall mortality observed was 3.32%. Those who required mechanical ventilation had higher mortality (87.50%) than the cases that were kept for CPAP (14.81%).

Conclusions: Neonatal Sepsis, birth asphyxia, prematurity and Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia were major causes for admission in SNCU.

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Author Biography

Ramchandra Banstola, Pokhara Academy of Health SCiences

Department of Paediatrics

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Published

2018-11-01

How to Cite

Banstola, R., Shrestha, S., Ghimire, J., Gurung, R., & Sigdel, Y. (2018). Disease Pattern and Outcome of Neonates at Special Newborn Care Unit (SNCU) of Pokhara Academy of Health Science (PAHS), Nepal. Nepal Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 12(2), 61–64. Retrieved from https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/NJOG/article/view/19956

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Original Articles