Teenage Pregnancy Outcome in Rapti Sub Regional Hospital
Aim: To determine the maternal and perinatal outcome in teenage pregnancies.
Methods: A hospital based descriptive cross sectional study conducted from April 2017 to April 2018, among the pregnant women of age group≤19 years, admitted to the labour ward atRapti Sub regional Hospital, Dang.
Results: The total of 853 pregnant adolescent women were admitted during the study period, most of which belonged to 19 years of age (38.6%) and were primipara (93.3%) and 42.1% belonged to janjati group. 79.6% had normal delivery, while 14.1% of the cases underwent caesarean section, 5.9% had instrumental delivery and in 0.5% had perineal injury. Anaemia complicated 63% of teenage mothers, more in age group of ≤ 18yrs than in > 18years (61.4%vs 38.6%) and 4.6% had maternal complications, the majority being PPH (2.9%) followed by oligohydraminos, eclampsia, wound infection and vulvar haematoma. Preterm delivery occurred in 15.5% of the cases (≤ 18yrs vs>18yrs being 9.8% vs 5.7%), other neonatal complications included respiratory distress (1.5%), intrauterine growth retardation (4.5%), intrauterine foetal death (0.4%) and very low birth weight (1.2%).
Conclusions: Teenage pregnancy has increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes leading to various adverse maternal, fetal and neonatal complications.
Keywords: outcome, pregnancy, teenage.
Copyright (c) 2019 Sandesh Poudel, Snigdha Rai, Kirtipal Subedi
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Copyright on any research article in the Nepal Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology is retained by the author(s).
The authors grant the Nepal Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology a license to publish the article and identify itself as the original publisher.
Articles in the Nepal Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology are Open Access articles published under the Creative Commons CC BY-NC License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/)This license permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, and it is not used for commercial purposes.