Effect of a Pilot Programme by Capability Approach to Prevent Lifestyle-related Diseases in Kaski, Nepal

Authors

  • Yoko Oda Thapa Morinomiya University of Medical Sciences, Osaka
  • Janak Poudel Sr AHW, Rivan Health Post, Macchapucchre RM-5, Kaski
  • Prakash Acharya Hanamizuki Training Pvt. Ltd.New Baneshwor-31, Kathmandu
  • Kenji Kimura Kanazawa University, Department of Parasitology, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kanazawa University, Osaka
  • Rina Kawata Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Division of Health Science, Osaka
  • Maki Kanzaki Kansai Medical University, Faculty of Nursing, Graduate School of Nursing, Osaka
  • Hiroko Okugawa Kyoto University of Education, Kyoto
  • Hiroko Sakai Kansai Medical University, Faculty of Nursing, Graduate School of Nursing, Osaka

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jhp.v8i0.32993

Keywords:

blood pressure, BMI, body weight, capability approach, health monitoring, peer education

Abstract

 In the rural area of Nepal, lifestyle-related non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are emerging in recent days. We piloted a program model (2017-2019) to protect people from lifestyle-related diseases in a remote village of Kaski district where the health facilities are limited. This program was supported by Japan International Corporation Agency. We aimed to initiate a simple model of health monitoring to reduce the risks of lifestyle-related diseases. Health monitoring (blood pressure and body weight measurement) together with peer education regarding lifestyle-related disease was conducted by trained volunteers on regular bases. One-group pre-test–post-test research design was used to measure the impact of the program on the 104 participants with the age ranging 52±8.99 years in female and 57±7.38 years in male, sampled from the 100 households in the target village, Gairegaon. The double burden of underweight and overweight was observed in the programming community. After the program was conducted for one year, the percentage of people who is in the normal body mass index (BMI) range was significantly increased from 68.2% to 75.9% in total. Similarly, the ratio of normal blood pressure rose up significantly from 40.4% to 59.6%. This program results suggested that the community-led capability approach works effectively with locally affordable cost to change the behavior of people to reduce the risk of lifestyle-related diseases.

 

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Author Biographies

Yoko Oda Thapa, Morinomiya University of Medical Sciences, Osaka

Visiting Researcher

Kenji Kimura, Kanazawa University, Department of Parasitology, Graduate School of Medical Science, Kanazawa University, Osaka

Invited Researcher

Rina Kawata, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Division of Health Science, Osaka

PhD candidate

Maki Kanzaki, Kansai Medical University, Faculty of Nursing, Graduate School of Nursing, Osaka

PhD candidate

Hiroko Sakai, Kansai Medical University, Faculty of Nursing, Graduate School of Nursing, Osaka

Professor

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Published

2020-11-22

How to Cite

Thapa, Y. O., Poudel, J., Acharya, P., Kimura, K., Kawata, R., Kanzaki, M., Okugawa, H., & Sakai, H. (2020). Effect of a Pilot Programme by Capability Approach to Prevent Lifestyle-related Diseases in Kaski, Nepal. Journal of Health Promotion, 8, 141–150. https://doi.org/10.3126/jhp.v8i0.32993

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Articles