Assessing the effectiveness of a menstrual hygiene management and sexual and reproductive health education program in post-earthquake Nepal

Authors

  • Sara E. Baumann University of Pittsburgh, Department of Behavioral and Community Health Sciences 130 De Soto St, Pittsburgh, PA, 15261, USA
  • Hiba Anwer University of Pittsburgh, Department of Epidemiology 130 De Soto St, Pittsburgh, PA, 15261, USA
  • Pema Lhaki NFCC, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Jessica G. Burke University of Pittsburgh, Department of Behavioral and Community Health Sciences 130 De Soto St, Pittsburgh, PA, 15261, USA

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jhp.v10i1.50994

Keywords:

adolescent health, health education, Nepal, menstrual hygiene management, menstruation, post-disaster, sexual and reproductive health

Abstract

This study assesses the effectiveness of a menstrual hygiene management (MHM) and sexual and reproductive health (SRH), school-based education program conducted in Dhading, Nepal after the 2015 mega-earthquake. The intervention aimed to improve MHM/SRH knowledge among adolescent girls on a range of topics including adolescence, female anatomy, menstruation, and more. Quantitative data were collected via cross-sectional, self-administered, community-based surveys after the 2015 earthquake with 3,319 adolescent girls in grades 7-9 in Dhading district. Data were collected using the same survey tool before and after the intervention and responses were compared using SAS 9.4. Before the intervention, the median MHM/SRH knowledge score was 50% of the pre-test questions answered correctly. After the intervention, the median MHM/SRH knowledge score improved to 73% of the post-test questions answered correctly. Topics with the greatest percentage improvements between pre- and post-tests included age of menarche (from 20.5% to 60.0%), timing of taking emergency contraceptive pills after unsafe sexual contact (from 14.8% to 54.1%), and approaches for managing menstrual pain (from 42.2% to 77.1%). The school-based MHM/SRH educational intervention led to significant improvements in participant MHM/SRH knowledge. Equipping girls with accurate information about MHM/SRH long before a disaster occurs by embedding the information into the national school curriculum is one way to ensure they are prepared with key information required to manage MHM/SRH needs if another disaster occurs. 

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Published

2022-12-31

How to Cite

Baumann, S. E., Anwer, H., Lhaki, P., & Burke, J. G. (2022). Assessing the effectiveness of a menstrual hygiene management and sexual and reproductive health education program in post-earthquake Nepal. Journal of Health Promotion, 10(1), 143–152. https://doi.org/10.3126/jhp.v10i1.50994

Issue

Section

Original Research Articles