Knowledge on Nutrition and Dietary Diversity Among Community School Adolescents in Kathmandu Valley

Authors

  • Aashray Manandhar Department of Public Health, Nobel College, Pokhara University, Kathmandu
  • Sampurna Kakchapati HERD International, Thapathali, Kathmandu, Nepal https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5610-8588

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jhp.v11i1.61197

Keywords:

Adolescent, dietary diversity, health belief model, Nepal, nutrition knowledge

Abstract

Nutritional knowledge and practices among adolescents are critical to combat health problems that can continue into adulthood. The study determines the nutritional knowledge and dietary diversity and its associated factors among school adolescents of Kathmandu Valley. The study adopted a cross-sectional design of 487 school adolescents using multistage cluster sampling. Information on socio-demographic characteristics, Health Belief Model constructs, nutrition knowledge and dietary diversity were collected. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used to identify the factors associated with nutrition knowledge and dietary diversity. Nutrition knowledge and dietary diversity were found inadequate; 47.4% had adequate dietary diversity and 42.5% had adequate nutrition knowledge Variables that were significantly associated with adequate nutrition knowledge (versus inadequate) in the presence of other variables were compared to reference group included age (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]= 0.83; 95% CI = 0.71-0.96), being from ethnic groups of Janajatis (aOR=2.79; 95% CI: 1.47-5.28) and Brahmin/Chhetri (aOR=1.9; 95% CI: 1.06-3.4), belonging to nuclear family (aOR=1.75; 95% CI: 1.18-2.6), literate father (aOR=2.16; 95% CI: 0.99-4.73), perceived severity (aOR= 1.19; 95% CI: 1.06-1.33) and perceived barrier (aOR= 1.02 ; 95% CI: 1-1.05). Variables that were significantly associated with consuming adequate dietary diversity (versus inadequate) in the presence of other variables include being male (aOR=1.52;95% CI: 1.01-2.29), having literate mother (aOR=1.7;95% CI: 1.02-2.83), consuming unhealthy diet daily (aOR=4.23;95% CI: 1.85-9.67), having adequate knowledge (aOR=2.4;95% CI: 1.59-3.63) and self-efficacy (aOR= 1.15;95% CI: 1.06-1.24). This study highlights the need for specific theories and model-based targeted interventions to encourage adolescents' healthy behavior and healthy eating.

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Published

2023-12-31

How to Cite

Manandhar, A., & Kakchapati, S. (2023). Knowledge on Nutrition and Dietary Diversity Among Community School Adolescents in Kathmandu Valley. Journal of Health Promotion, 11(1), 4–21. https://doi.org/10.3126/jhp.v11i1.61197

Issue

Section

Original Research Articles