Association Between Socio-Demographic Characteristics and Women's Knowledge of Human Trafficking

Authors

  • Anuska Adhikari Center for Research on Education Health and Social Science (CREHSS), Kathmandu https://orcid.org/0009-0001-9117-9450
  • Bijaya Shrestha Center for Research on Education Health and Social Science (CREHSS), Kathmandu https://orcid.org/0009-0001-9117-9450
  • Ranju K.C. Center for Research on Education Health and Social Science (CREHSS), Kathmandu
  • Sujata Nyaupane Center for Research on Education Health and Social Science (CREHSS), Kathmandu
  • Abhishek Karn Center for Research on Education Health and Social Science (CREHSS), Kathmandu

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jhp.v11i1.61204

Keywords:

Human trafficking, knowledge, Nepal, socio-demographic factors, women

Abstract

Human trafficking is a serious violation of human rights that disproportionately affects the marginalized individuals, particularly women and girls. This study utilized the data from the 2019 Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey conducted in Nepal to assess the knowledge of currently married women aged 15-49 about human trafficking using a structured questionnaire. The questionnaires were based on the MICS 6 standard questionnaires. The survey used a multistage, stratified cluster probability sampling design and included 14,805 women. In multivariate analysis, respondents in the second to the richest wealth quintiles (aOR range: 1.26-1.56, p<0.001) were more likely to be aware of human trafficking than those in the poorest quintiles. Women with higher secondary or above education (aOR= 29.52, p<0.001), secondary education (aOR= 10.13, p<0.001), and basic education (aOR=2.19, p<0.001) were more likely to be knowledgeable about human trafficking compared to those with no formal education. High, medium, and low media exposure (aOR range: 1.71-4.86, p<0.001) were associated with increased knowledge about human trafficking compared to no exposure. Bivariate analysis revealed that knowledge about human trafficking was significantly associated with education level, wealth index, and urban or rural residence (p<0.001). These findings suggest that interventions to increase knowledge about human trafficking should prioritize women with limited educational opportunities, low wealth status, and those living in rural areas to reduce their vulnerability to trafficking.

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Published

2023-12-31

How to Cite

Adhikari, A., Shrestha, B., K.C., R., Nyaupane, S., & Karn, A. (2023). Association Between Socio-Demographic Characteristics and Women’s Knowledge of Human Trafficking. Journal of Health Promotion, 11(1), 62–74. https://doi.org/10.3126/jhp.v11i1.61204

Issue

Section

Review Articles