Gender Representations in Social Studies Textbooks at Grade Three and Four

Authors

  • Mahendra Kumar Budhathoki Bishwa Bhasha Campus, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/sij.v4i1.54136

Keywords:

Content analysis, gender equality, gender representation, male-dominated society

Abstract

This study explored the gender roles of text characters and the messages given at grade three and four social studies textbooks of the community school of Nepal.The study further explored the gender representations of text characters in the textbooks through exploratory qualitative method; the verbal data noted from the textbooks were analysed through content analysis. The textbooks of grade three and four social studies were purposively selected because they have recently been reconstructed. The major findings are that the textbooks are the depiction of patriarchal traditional
gender bias mind-sets and the dominance of men over women. Men and women are portrayed in traditional gender bias occupations: strong, prestigious, intelligent and leading works are provided to male characters, and weak, subsidiary, subordinate, less prestigious and household chores are determined to women in the textbooks. The male-dominated family structures portrayed in the textbooks may not eliminate gender inequality, and reinforce male-dominated society in Nepal. Curriculum designers and textbook writers must reconsider the equal gender representations in the children’s textbooks to construct a positive effect on children’s gender perceptions while revising and/or producing new textbooks in future.

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Author Biography

Mahendra Kumar Budhathoki, Bishwa Bhasha Campus, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal

Mahendra Kumar Budhathoki is an Assistant Professor at Bishwa Bhasha Campus, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal. He did MA, MEd, LLB and PhD in English. He has published various articles on language, literature and cultural studies.

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Published

2023-04-25

How to Cite

Budhathoki, M. K. (2023). Gender Representations in Social Studies Textbooks at Grade Three and Four. Siddhajyoti Interdisciplinary Journal, 4(1), 81–89. https://doi.org/10.3126/sij.v4i1.54136

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Articles