Pretreatment of Lignocelollusic Biomass Based on Improving Enzymatic Hydrolysis

  • Meysam Madadi National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan
  • Yuanyuan Tu National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan
  • Aqleem Abbas College of Plant Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan
Keywords: Lignocellulosic Biomass, Crystallinity, Pre-treatment Technologies

Abstract

Lignocellulosic materials among the alternative energy resources are the most desirable resources that can be employed to produce cellulosic ethanol, but this materials due to physical and chemical structure arranges strong native recalcitrance and results in low yield of ethanol. Then, a proper pre-treatment method is required to overcome this challenge. Until now, different pre-treatment technologies have been established to enhance lignocellulosic digestibility. This paper widely describes the structure of lignocellulosic biomass and effective parameters in pre-treatment of lignocelluloses, such as cellulose crystallinity, accessible surface area, and protection by lignin and hemicellulose. In addition, an overview about the most important pre-treatment processes include physical, chemical, and biological are provided. Finally, we described about the inhibitors enzymes which produced from sugar degradation during pre-treatment process and the ways to control this inhibitors.

Int. J. Appl. Sci. Biotechnol. Vol 5(1): 1-11

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Abstract
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Published
2017-03-25
How to Cite
Madadi, M., Tu, Y., & Abbas, A. (2017). Pretreatment of Lignocelollusic Biomass Based on Improving Enzymatic Hydrolysis. International Journal of Applied Sciences and Biotechnology, 5(1), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.3126/ijasbt.v5i1.17018
Section
Review Articles