Assessment on the Characterization of Mineralogical Phase of Ceramic Tiles Available in Kathmandu Valley (Nepal) Using XRD and FTIR Analyses

  • Pramod Budhathoki Central Department of Chemistry, Tribhuvan University, GPO Box 2040, Kathmandu
  • Gopal Paudyal Central Department of Chemistry, Tribhuvan University, GPO Box 2040, Kathmandu
  • Rishiram Oli Central Department of Chemistry, Tribhuvan University, GPO Box 2040, Kathmandu
  • Nirjan Duwal St. Xavier College, Thapathali, Kathmandu
  • Jagadeesh Bhattarai Central Department of Chemistry, Tribhuvan University, GPO Box 2040, Kathmandu
Keywords: Ceramic tiles, flexural strength, water absorption, porosity, XRD, FTIR

Abstract

The mineralogical phase of eight different types of contemporary and historical ceramic tile samples used in Kathmandu valley of Nepal was analyzed using their X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra to assess their quality. Mineralogical phases existed in these eight different tile samples, i. e., three wall, three floor and two ancient tile sample specimens, used in this study are identified as quartz, feldspars, spinel, mullite and hematite including paragonite with the help of the corresponding Joint Committee for Powder Diffraction Standards (JCPDS) database files. The firing temperature applied during the time of these ceramic tiles production should be 1000° C or slightly more. The mineralogical compositions of the contemporary tile samples are found to be comparable with those of the ancient brick samples of the historical temples and monuments of Kathmandu valley of Nepal.

Int. J. Appl. Sci. Biotechnol. Vol 6(3): 238-243

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Abstract
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Published
2018-10-01
How to Cite
Budhathoki, P., Paudyal, G., Oli, R., Duwal, N., & Bhattarai, J. (2018). Assessment on the Characterization of Mineralogical Phase of Ceramic Tiles Available in Kathmandu Valley (Nepal) Using XRD and FTIR Analyses. International Journal of Applied Sciences and Biotechnology, 6(3), 238-243. https://doi.org/10.3126/ijasbt.v6i3.21171
Section
Research Articles