Fodder Production and Livestock Rearing in Relation to Climate Change and Possible Adaptation Measures in Manaslu Conservation Area, Nepal

  • Bhojan Dhakal Scientist, Nepal Agricultural Research Council (NARC), Government of Nepal
  • Naba Raj Devkota Agriculture and Forestry University (AFU), Rampur
  • Sabita Subedi KUBK/ISFP Department of Livestock
  • Chet Raj Upreti Senior scientist
  • Maheswar Sapkota IAAS, TU
Keywords: Fodder trees, climate change, indigenous knowledge

Abstract

A study was conducted to find out the production potential, nutrient composition, and the variability of the most commonly available fodder trees along with the varying altitude to help optimize the dry matter requirement during winter lean period. The study was carried out in Lho and Prok Village Development Committee of Manaslu Conservation Area (MCA), located in Gorkha district of Nepal.The study was conducted in two parts: social and biological. Accordingly, a households (HHs) survey was conducted to collect primary data from 70 HHs, focusing to the perception of respondents on impacts of climatic variability to the feeding management. The next part consisted of understanding yield potential and nutrient composition of the four most commonly available fodder trees (M. azedirach, M. alba, F. roxburghii, F. nemoralis), within two altitudes range: (1500-2000 masl and 2000-2500 masl) by using a RCB design in 2*4 factorial combination of treatments, each replicated four times.   Fresh yield and dry matter yield of the each fodder trees was significant (P<0.01) between the altitude and within species. Fodder trees yield analysis revealed that the highest dry matter (DM) yield (28 kg/tree) was obtained for F. roxburghii but that remained statistically similar (P>0.05) to the other treatment. On the other hand, most of the parameters: ether extract (EE), acid detergent lignin (ADL), acid detergent fibre (ADF), cell wall digestibility (CWD), relative digestibility (RD), digestible nutrient (TDN), and Calcium (Ca) among the treatments were highly significant (P<0.01).

Int. J. Appl. Sci. Biotechnol. Vol 7(2): 227-235

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Author Biographies

Bhojan Dhakal, Scientist, Nepal Agricultural Research Council (NARC), Government of Nepal

Department Animal Nutrition and Fodder Production

Naba Raj Devkota, Agriculture and Forestry University (AFU), Rampur

Director, Directorate of Research and Extension at Agriculture and Forestry University, AFU, Chitwan, Nepal since 20 December 2012 to date(Poush 5, 2069 to date). Main responsibilities include manage, facilitate and organize university research and extension covering agriculture, livestock and forestry domain and faculties at AFU. Jobs also include bilateral and multilateral as well as international level research facilitation inside the country and across the globe.

Editor In Chief, Journal of Agriculture and Forestry University, (JAFU) 2016 to date.

Sabita Subedi, KUBK/ISFP Department of Livestock

Dr. Sabita subedi has been working in KUBK/ISFP Government of Nepal, at Project Implementation Unit, Pyuthan District. She has several research experiences in feed, feeding and veterinary science  specially in ruminant nutrition.

Published
2019-06-26
How to Cite
Dhakal, B., Devkota, N., Subedi, S., Upreti, C., & Sapkota, M. (2019). Fodder Production and Livestock Rearing in Relation to Climate Change and Possible Adaptation Measures in Manaslu Conservation Area, Nepal. International Journal of Applied Sciences and Biotechnology, 7(2), 227-235. https://doi.org/10.3126/ijasbt.v7i2.23973
Section
Research Articles