Antimicrobial Activity and Phytochemical Screening of Traditional Medicinal Plants

Authors

  • Nikita Mahat Department of Microbiology, Tribhuvan University, St. Xavier’s College, Kathmandu 44600, Nepal https://orcid.org/0009-0002-9876-7658
  • Niharika Bhattarai Department of Microbiology, Tribhuvan University, St. Xavier’s College, Kathmandu 44600, Nepal
  • Milan Thapa Department of Microbiology, Tribhuvan University, St. Xavier’s College, Kathmandu 44600, Nepal
  • Mousam Lawati Department of Microbiology, Tribhuvan University, St. Xavier’s College, Kathmandu 44600, Nepal
  • Anup Basnet Department of Microbiology, Tribhuvan University, St. Xavier’s College, Kathmandu 44600, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/ijasbt.v11i4.61161

Keywords:

Plant extract, Phytochemical, Antimicrobial activity, Minimum Inhibition Concentration

Abstract

In Nepal, traditional medicinal plants and herbs have long been relied upon for treating various diseases. This study was aimed to explore the antimicrobial properties of commonly used traditional medicinal plants. This study was conducted from December 2022 to June 2023 at the Department of Microbiology, St. Xavier's College, Maitighar, Kathmandu. In this study, antimicrobial property of 12 plants were tested against four ATCC cultures of bacteria- Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 6538P), Staphylococcus epidermidis (ATCC 12228), Escherichia coli (ATCC 8739) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (ATCC 9027). The extracts were prepared using Soxhlet's apparatus with ethanol and distilled water as solvents. The ethanolic extract of S. aromaticum had the highest percentage yield The ethanolic extract of O. sanctum showed highest potential against S. aureus with a zone of inhibition of 21mm. The ethanolic extract of S. aromaticum demonstrated antimicrobial activity against S. aureus, E. coli, P. aeruginosa, and S. epidermidis, with respective zones of inhibition of 18mm, 16mm, 18mm, and 20mm. The distilled water extract of A. marmelos displayed the highest antimicrobial activity against E. coli, with a zone of inhibition of 18mm. Phytochemical screening revealed that both extracts of S. aromaticum had the highest presence of phytochemicals. The ethanol extract of Z. armatum exhibited the highest antibacterial activity, with a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) value of 2mg/ml against S. aureus. The study of the selected plants extracts confirmed their efficacy as natural antimicrobials against the tested organisms, suggesting their potential for novel drug development in treating infectious diseases.

Int. J. Appl. Sci. Biotechnol. Vol 11(4): 186-196.

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Published

2023-12-29

How to Cite

Mahat, N., Bhattarai, N., Thapa, M., Lawati, M., & Basnet, A. (2023). Antimicrobial Activity and Phytochemical Screening of Traditional Medicinal Plants. International Journal of Applied Sciences and Biotechnology, 11(4), 186–196. https://doi.org/10.3126/ijasbt.v11i4.61161

Issue

Section

Research Articles: Biological Sciences