Isolation, Characterization and investing the Industrial Applications of Thermostable and Solvent Tolerant Serine Protease from Hot Spring Isolated Thermophililic Bacillus licheniformis U1

  • Pravin Dudhagara M.Sc. Biotechnology Course, Veer Narmad South Gujarat University, Surat-395007, Gujarat
  • Sunil Bhavasar Department of Bioscience, Veer Narmad South Gujarat University, Surat-395007, Gujarat
  • Anjana Ghelani Department of Life sciences, Hemchandracharya North Gujarat University, Patan-384265, Gujarat
  • Shreyas Bhatt Department of Microbiology, Shree Ramkrishna Institute of computer education and applied sciences, Surat-395001
Keywords: Protease, Bacillus licheniformis, Thermostable, Solvent stability

Abstract

Protease is the largest selling enzyme in the world due to its various applications in the making of detergent, food and leather, meat tenderisation and pharmaceutical industries. The aim of the study is to isolate and identify thermophilic Bacillus licheniformis U1 strains for thermostable protease production. The partial purified enzyme was characterized under different conditions using Anson-Hagihara’s method. Casein as a substrate in the concentration of 0.6 % w/v optimum for enzyme activity and tolerant up to 2.0% casein concentration. An optimum enzyme activity was reported at pH 7 and decreased with increasing in pH, while temperature optimum was found at 50 °C. The enzyme was stable at 40 °C to 50 °C for half an hour and nearly 50% residual activity was indicated at 60 °C. NaCl was not required for catalysis.  Stability of enzymes in the presence of various organic solvents and different detergents was remarkable. The enzyme was stable up to 3 days into various solvents and slowly denatured with prolonged incubation. The result of the washing performance with detergent was clearly indicated. Moreover the removal of blood stains and dehairing in goat skin suggests the crucial application in the commercial production at large scale.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/ijasbt.v2i1.9519

Int J Appl Sci Biotechnol, Vol. 2(1): 75-82

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Abstract
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PDF
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Published
2014-03-25
How to Cite
Dudhagara, P., Bhavasar, S., Ghelani, A., & Bhatt, S. (2014). Isolation, Characterization and investing the Industrial Applications of Thermostable and Solvent Tolerant Serine Protease from Hot Spring Isolated Thermophililic Bacillus licheniformis U1. International Journal of Applied Sciences and Biotechnology, 2(1), 75-82. https://doi.org/10.3126/ijasbt.v2i1.9519
Section
Research Articles