Depression, Stress and Anxiety among Residents of Nepal during COVID-19 Lockdown

Authors

  • Sandhya Basnet Hope International College, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Bhawana Bhandari Hope International College, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Bipula Gaire Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Pokhara,Nepal
  • Pujan Sharma Manmohan Memorial College and Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Rajendra Man Shrestha Padmakanya Multiple Campus, Kathmandu, Nepal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3126/jaar.v8i1.38423

Keywords:

Anxiety, Covid-19, Depression, Lockdown, Nepalese Residents, Stress

Abstract

Covid-19 illness is a pandemic infectious disease caused by a new coronavirus that originated in Wuhan, China. Nepal being a landlocked underdeveloped country is particularly vulnerable to the pandemic. Similarly, the dread of contracting the coronavirus is making people concerned about a global pandemic. It is vital to determine the impact of viral outbursts on mental health. Hence, this study aims to identify level of depression, stress and anxiety during lockdown among Nepalese residents. Cross-section web-based research design was undertaken at Bagmati province, Gandaki province and Lumbini province with four hundred twenty-two (n=422) (n=422) Nepalese residents by using a multistage proportionate stratified random sampling method. The Dass-21 tool was used to assess level of depression, stress and anxiety. Among 422 respondents only 5.9% had extremely severe level of anxiety, whereas 14.5% were moderately depressed, 77.5% did not have any stress during lockdown. There was statistically significant difference between depression and age (p=0.016), depression and sex (p=0.023). Also, there was a significant difference between stress and age (p=0.023), sex (p=0.0263) and education level (p=0.049).It is concluded that more than two-third of the respondentsere found to be in normal ranges for depression, stress and anxiety. Less than one-fourth of respondents had moderate to severe level of anxiety and depression.

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Author Biographies

Sandhya Basnet, Hope International College, Lalitpur, Nepal

Nursing Lecturer

Bhawana Bhandari, Hope International College, Lalitpur, Nepal

Nursing Lecturer

Bipula Gaire, Manipal College of Medical Sciences, Pokhara,Nepal

Nursing Lecturer

Pujan Sharma, Manmohan Memorial College and Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal

Psychologist

Rajendra Man Shrestha, Padmakanya Multiple Campus, Kathmandu, Nepal

Associate Professor

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Published

2021-06-22

How to Cite

Basnet, S., Bhandari, B., Gaire, B., Sharma, P., & Shrestha, R. M. (2021). Depression, Stress and Anxiety among Residents of Nepal during COVID-19 Lockdown. Journal of Advanced Academic Research, 8(1), 53–62. https://doi.org/10.3126/jaar.v8i1.38423

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Articles