Autoimmune Encephalitis as a Differential Diagnosis of Auditory Hallucination: A Case Report

Authors

  • Pranav Joshi Annapurna Neurological Institute & Allied Sciences, Maitighar, Kathmandu, Nepal https://orcid.org/0009-0009-8528-0673
  • Supriya Sherchan Kanti Children’s Hospital, Maharajgung, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Pranita Joshi B & B Hospital, Gwarko, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Arun Kunwar Kanti Children’s Hospital, Maharajgung, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Ashish Dhakal Annapurna Neurological Institute & Allied Sciences, Maitighar, Kathmandu, Nepal

Keywords:

Autoimmune Encephalitis, Auditory Hallucination, Psychiatry

Abstract

Autoimmune encephalitis, specifically associated with anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (anti-NMDAR) antibodies, presents with a range of neuropsychiatric symptoms including personality changes, cognitive decline, memory loss, and perceptual disturbances. While the condition is more commonly observed in adults and associated with paraneoplastic conditions, its diagnosis can be challenging in the pediatric population due to a lack of strong associations with specific antibodies and cancer. This case report presents the clinical manifestation, diagnosis, and management of a 14-year-old boy with autoimmune encephalitis presenting with excessive thoughts, forgetfulness, and auditory hallucinations.

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Author Biographies

Pranav Joshi, Annapurna Neurological Institute & Allied Sciences, Maitighar, Kathmandu, Nepal

Department of Psychiatry

Supriya Sherchan, Kanti Children’s Hospital, Maharajgung, Kathmandu, Nepal

Department of Psychiatry

Pranita Joshi, B & B Hospital, Gwarko, Lalitpur, Nepal

Department of General Surgery

Arun Kunwar, Kanti Children’s Hospital, Maharajgung, Kathmandu, Nepal

Department of Psychiatry

Ashish Dhakal, Annapurna Neurological Institute & Allied Sciences, Maitighar, Kathmandu, Nepal

Department of Psychiatry

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Published

2023-08-23

How to Cite

Joshi, P., Sherchan, S., Joshi, P., Kunwar, A., & Dhakal, A. (2023). Autoimmune Encephalitis as a Differential Diagnosis of Auditory Hallucination: A Case Report. Annapurna Journal of Health Sciences, 3(2), 61–63. Retrieved from https://www.nepjol.info/index.php/ajhs/article/view/57890

Issue

Section

Case Reports