A Study on Pregnancy, Perceived Stress and Depression

  • Binod Kumar Deo BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan
  • Nidesh Sapkota BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan
  • Rajesh Kumar BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan
  • Dhana Ratna Shakya BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan
  • Achala Thakur BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan
  • Sami Lama BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan
Keywords: Pregnancy, Perceived stress, Depression, Psychiatric ‘caseness

Abstract

Introduction: Pregnancy can be a difficult period during which psychosocial and hormonal changes may lead to increased incidence of mental health problems such as stress, depression, anxiety and obsessive compulsive disorders.

Objective: a. To describe the clinical and socio-demographic profile, b. to explore the level of stress and c. to assess the depression among the pregnant women.

Methods: It was a hospital based study using convenient and purposive sampling where only pregnant women were selected for study in 1 year. Instruments used were: the Perceived Stress Scale(Sheldon Cohen), Social Readjustment Scale (Holmes and Rahe) and General Health Questionnaire-12 (David Goldberg).

Results: About 2/3rd of pregnant women were from age range 15-25 years, 49% were housewives and all literate. Patients were mainly from Sunsari and Morang districts. About 28% patients were mild to moderately stressed. About 50% patients were on 50% zone of possibility of sickness on the Social Readjustment Rating Scale. About 50% patients were mild to moderately depressed.

Conclusion: One third of pregnant women were mild to moderately stressed. Nearly half number of the clients were mild to moderately depressed and were in moderate to severe range at > 50% risk for developing sickness.

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Author Biographies

Binod Kumar Deo, BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan

Assistant professor- Psychology

Nidesh Sapkota, BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan

Additional Professor- Psychiatry

Rajesh Kumar, BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan

Associate professor-Psychology

Dhana Ratna Shakya, BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan

Professor- Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry

Achala Thakur, BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan

Additional professor- Department of
Gynaecology & Obstetrics

Sami Lama, BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan

Professor, Department of Psychiatric Nursing

Published
2020-07-26
How to Cite
Deo, B., Sapkota, N., Kumar, R., Shakya, D., Thakur, A., & Lama, S. (2020). A Study on Pregnancy, Perceived Stress and Depression. Journal of BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, 3(1), 79-87. https://doi.org/10.3126/jbpkihs.v3i1.30331
Section
Original Articles