Isolation of Ethidium Bromide Degrading Bacteria from Jharkhand

  • Anil Kumar Centre for Life Science, School of Natural sciences, Central University of Jharkhand, Ranchi- 835205, Jharkhand
  • Preeti Swarupa Centre for Life Science, School of Natural sciences, Central University of Jharkhand, Ranchi- 835205, Jharkhand
  • Vikram Pal Gandhi Centre for Life Science, School of Natural sciences, Central University of Jharkhand, Ranchi- 835205, Jharkhand
  • Snehal Kumari Centre for Life Science, School of Natural sciences, Central University of Jharkhand, Ranchi- 835205, Jharkhand
Keywords: EtBr, Bioremediation, Biodegradation, Non-fluorescent-halo

Abstract

Ethidium bromide (EtBr) is a carcinogenic and mutagenic agent which is widely used in research laboratories to probe nucleic acids by gel electrophoresis. It is generally buried underground (for solid waste) or disposed of pouring it down the sink (in case of liquid waste). Soil or drain microbial community may be able to take care of such substance else it will lead to contamination of our underground resources or others through defined and undefined routes. In view of the above assumption and literature reports the present study was undertaken to isolate and evaluate bacteria for removal, by bioaccumulation and /or biotransformation, of EtBr from contaminated sources and wastes, before their disposal to the environment. Two distinct bacteria both motile BR3 and BR4 could be identified from agarose-gel-waste containing 0.5-1.0 µg/ml ethidium bromide. Both bacteria were found to grow on EtBr-NA plate (Nutrient-Agar supplemented with EtBr at a concentration of 30 µg/ml) however only BR3 isolate showed large non-fluorescent-halo zone (characteristic to degradation of EtBr) when exposed to trans-UV light. Other isolate BR4 could accumulate EtBr within the colony biomass but did not showed clear (non-fluorescent) hallow zone around it. However the bacterium is not able to utilize the EtBr as a sole carbon source.

Int. J. Appl. Sci. Biotechnol. Vol 5(3): 293-301

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Abstract
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Published
2017-09-27
How to Cite
Kumar, A., Swarupa, P., Gandhi, V. P., & Kumari, S. (2017). Isolation of Ethidium Bromide Degrading Bacteria from Jharkhand. International Journal of Applied Sciences and Biotechnology, 5(3), 293-301. https://doi.org/10.3126/ijasbt.v5i3.18296
Section
Research Articles