Survival Response of Consortium Isolates from Diesel Contaminated Soil within Katsina State, Nigeria
Environmental increase in the spilled diesel creates serious damages to our natural ecosystems. Biodegradation provide the best removal alternative for such diesel contamination. This study was carried out to monitor the bacteria survival response during diesel oil biodegradation. Bacteria isolation was carried out using plating technique and screened at varying diesel concentrations (0 to 10%, v/v) before being identified using the 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Bacteria consortia were formulated using the screened isolates through mathematical permutation approach. Prepared bacteria resting cells of the selected consortium was grown at 2%, v/v diesel oil which was co-contaminated with varying concentrations of Mg++, Mn++, Zn+, Co++ and Fe++ (0 to 4 g/L) in mineral salts medium. Total of 47 different bacteria strains were isolated and the finally screened isolates were identified as Alcaligenes sp., Ochrobactrum sp., Alcaligenes aquatilis and Alcaligenes faecalis UMYU001 (MN519483.1). These bacteria were found to be compatible with one another despite being obtained from different environments. Of the prepared consortia, combination 11 (CST11) was found to produce the highest population of 1.6 x 104 cfu/mL after 48 hours at 2% v/v diesel oil. This CST11 survived optimally at 35°C, 7.0, and 2% v/v of the temperature, pH and diesel oil respectively. Also, the resistance thresholds of the metals for CST11 include Mg++ (3.5 g/L) while Mn++, Zn++, Co++ and Fe++ were only resisted at 1 g/L. This recommends the consortium as good enough in surviving at the sole expense of diesel oil even in the presence of heavy metals co-contaminants.
Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Environment
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
The author(s) acknowledge that the manuscript submitted is his/her/their own original work; all authors participated in the work in a substantive way and are prepared to take public responsibility for the work; all authors have seen and approved the manuscript as submitted; the manuscript has not been published and is not being submitted or considered for publication elsewhere; the text, illustrations, and any other materials included in the manuscript do not infringe(plagiarism) upon any existing copyright or other rights of anyone.
Notwithstanding the above, the Contributor(s) or, if applicable the Contributor’s Employer, retain(s) all proprietary rights other than copyright, such as Patent rights; to use, free of charge, all parts of this article for the author’s future works in books, lectures, classroom teaching or oral presentations; the right to reproduce the article for their own purposes provided the copies are not offered for sale.
The copyright to the contribution identified is transferred to IJE.