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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is double-spaced; uses Times New Roman font size 12 for English manuscripts and Preeti font size 16 for the Nepali version. Use italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

As a peer reviewed journal, Mangal Research Journal (MRJ) requires the contributors to follow the guidelines given below during their submissions. Please note that Mangal Research Journal is a double blind peer-reviewed journal. You are obliged to upload an anonymised version of your manuscript.

  • Do not write author’s name in the manuscript until the editorial board selects the article to be considered for publication.
  • Typewrite the manuscript in Times New Roman font size 12, double-spaced, leaving 1-inch margins on all sides, either printed or printable in A4 size paper. Use Preeti font size 16 for Nepali version.
  • The appropriate length for the main body of text should be 3000 to 4000 words, excluding abstract, references, tables and figures and keep in notice to professionally edit your manuscript before making your submission.
  • Follow the recommendations of APA, sixth edition. Please use at least the second printing of the sixth edition until 2021.
  • The editorial board will screen the submitted article whether it meets the criteria of paper writing and is publishable. If the paper is well written, the board will proceed for undertaking peer reviewing process. The manuscript that does not meet the criteria will be sent back to the author for necessary improvements so far as possible.
  • The editorial board keeps the authenticity not to return the rejected paper. No query will be entertained afterwards.
  • The manuscript will be peer reviewed by two anonymous reviewers.
  • The board will give the reviewer 2/3 weeks to review the manuscript. The editorial board will notify the author either the manuscript is accepted or rejected based on the feedback given by the reviewer.
  • The corresponding author will be given one week to incorporate the comments and suggestions given by the reviewer. If deemed necessary, the second round of comments may be offered to the author for further incorporation with an extended time of 2 days.
  • More than 30 per cent plagiarism will not be accepted for publication.
  • Upon acceptance of the manuscript, the author will be contacted as regards the donation process.

Format of the Empirical Study
The manuscript sections should be organized in the following order:

A. Title page
B. Abstract
C. Keywords
D. Text

A. Title Page
Prepare a title page that contains the following information:

    • The title should be concise, informative and simple.
    • Author(s)’ name(s); please indicate the corresponding author.
    • Full affiliation(s); please indicate the mailing address, work telephone and fax number, and e-mail address of the corresponding author.

B. Abstract
A manuscript must include an abstract containing a maximum of 250 words typed on a separate page. The abstract should be concise and complete in itself without reference to the body of the paper. The abstract should be a single paragraph, double-spaced. It should contain a brief description of study objective, method, results and conclusion.

Few authors worry about using in-text citation in abstract section. There are some circumstances where you might need to mention other sources in an abstract: for example, if your research responds directly to another study or focuses on the work of a single theorist. In general, though, don’t include citations unless absolutely necessary. (See

C. Keywords
Keep your key words in line with your abstract apa. You may also want to write keywords from your paper in your abstract. For this, indent as you would to write a new paragraph. Type your Keywords in italics and then list your keywords. List around 5-6 key words. Keywords are words or phrases that you feel capture the most important aspects of your paper.

D. Text Outline
Text of a paper must include headings and, if necessary, subheadings to organize the content.

1. Introduction
The Introduction is a careful presentation of the importance and validity of the research problem. It leads the reader from a general subject area to a particular field of research. It should contain the background information of the research topic and state the purpose of the work in the form of the research problem supported by a hypothesis or a set of research questions. Moreover, the introduction sets the stage for the entire study through establishing the issue/concern leading to the research.

The introduction of writing is going to set out your rationale, which is what research will be based around. The rationale serves as an indicator of both the importance of your essay and your attitude to the issue. The rationale should be laconic and precise to show the reader the significance of your research. Likewise, the opening paragraphs of your paper will provide your readers with their initial impressions about the logic of your argument. In addition, the introduction should explain methodological approach and highlight the potential outcomes that your study can reveal, and outline the remaining structure and organization of the paper.

A well-written introduction is important because, quite simply, you never get a second chance to make a good first impression. Introduction is generally several pages long.

2. Methods
The methodology section should well explain what you did and how you did it, allowing readers to evaluate the reliability and validity of the research. Moreover, it should describe study design, sample(s), participants, data collection tools, collection of data, analysis including statistical tests used; and ethical consideration/ethical approval.

3. Results and Discussion
The section of results should contain a description about the main findings of a research. At the same time, the discussion section should interpret the results for readers and provide the significance of the findings. You can use an organized structure, such as outlines, points or subheadings to write the results and discussion section.

For better results, you should write figures and tables clearly so that your readers understand the message. Outline, in the discussion section, your thoughts to defend your research and to emphasize the significance of your research. Always manage good writing, clear argumentations, and logical explanations to support your conclusion.

4. Conclusion
In this section, you are required to help the reader understand why your research should matter to them after they have finished reading your paper. Keep in mind that conclusion is a summary of your points or a re-statement of your research problem and a synthesis of key points both. Moreover, one well-developed paragraph is sufficient for a conclusion, although in some cases, a two-or-three paragraph conclusion may be required.

E. Acknowledgments
The Acknowledgements section is an important part of a research paper. By acknowledging people for their efforts and contributions, you demonstrate your integrity as an academic researcher. In addition, crediting other people for their help can also increase their presence in the academic world. If you need help with your submissions then please contact any of the editorial board members of MRJ. There is no requirement to acknowledge our editorial support for your paper but if you would like to please include the following sentence in the Acknowledgments section: “English Language editing and review services supplied by Mangal Editorial Board”. Moreover, keep in notice; the Acknowledgments section for papers is usually presented at the back, most probably before References section.

F. References
Apply American Psychological Association (APA) style and formatting guidelines for a References section.

Formatting the References Section: APA General Guidelines

  1. Include the heading ‘References’, centered at the top of the page. The heading should not be boldfaced, italicized, or underlined.
  2. Use double-spaced type throughout the references section, as in the body of your paper.
  3. Use hanging indentation for each entry. The first line should be flush with the left margin, while any lines that follow should be indented five spaces. Note that hanging indentation is the opposite of normal indenting rules for paragraphs.
  4. List entries in alphabetical order by the author’s last name. For a work with multiple authors, use the last name of the first author listed.
  5. List authors’ names using this format: Smith, J. C.
  6. For a work with no individual author(s), use the name of the organization that published the work or, if this is unavailable, the title of the work in place of the author’s name.
  7. For works with multiple authors, follow these guidelines:
    • For works with up to seven authors, list the last name and initials for each author.
    • For works with more than seven authors, list the first six names, followed by ellipses, and then the name of the last author listed.
    • Use an ampersand before the name of the last author listed.
  8. Use title case for journal titles. Capitalize all important words in the title.
  9. Use sentence case for all other titles—books, articles, web pages, and other source titles. Capitalize the first word of the title. Do not capitalize any other words in the title except for the following:
    • Proper nouns
    • First word of a subtitle
    • First word after a colon or dash
  10. Use italics for book and journal titles. Do not use italics, underlining, or quotation marks for titles of shorter works, such as articles.

(For detailed guidelines, please see

G. In-text Citation
A key expectation of academic work is that what you submit is your own, and that you appropriately source words and ideas that are not your own. In addition, any time you use someone else’s words or ideas (which you do in most academic papers), you need to be careful to track them through your research and drafting phases, attribute them in your writing phases, and ensure they are correctly cited during your final polishing phases.

(For details, please see

APA Quick Citation Guide
Include an in-text citation when you refer to, summarize, paraphrase, or quote from another source. For every in-text citation in your paper, there must be a corresponding entry in your reference list.

Here are a few examples.

APA in-text citation style uses the author's last name and the year of publication, for example: (Field, 2005).

For direct quotations, include the page number as well, for example: (Field, 2005, p. 14).

For sources such as websites and e-books that have no page numbers, use a paragraph number, for example: (Field, 2005, para. 1).

For sources with no date use n.d. (for no date) in place of the year: (Smith, n.d.).

Web page with organizational author: More than 300 million people worldwide are affected by depression (World Health Organization, 2018).

One author: (Field, 2005)

Two authors: (Gass & Varonis, 1984)

Three or more authors: (Tremblay et al., 2010)

(For details, please see

Tables and Figures: Up to 5 tables, figures, graphs, and illustrations are allowed. Refer to all tables, figures, graphs, and illustrations by number within the text and include them at the end of the article, after the list of references, in the order in which they were cited in the text.

Tables should supplement, not duplicate, the text. Prepare table files in Word format. Number tables in the order in which they are mentioned in the text. Place each table on a separate page. Save large tables in separate files. Explain in footnotes all non-standard abbreviations used in each table. When p values are reported, use the asterisk (*) for the p values.

Prepare figures in PDF format. Save each figure in a separate file (i.e., if there are 5 figures in the manuscript, 5 figure files should be submitted along with the text file). Place figure legends, double-spaced, at the end of the text file, after the tables; if there are no tables, the figure legends should follow the list of references.

For your convenience, please verify your Nepali in-text citations and references with the ones in Mangal Research Journal, Vol.1, No.1. which you can download from


© Mangal Research Journal

Please, upon acceptance of your paper, you are required to transfer your copyright to Mangal Researcch Journal (MRJ). You will be asked to complete the Copyright Transfer Agreement (Mangal Research Journal will send you one) if your paper is accepted for publication. This is notified that publication cannot proceed without a signed copy of Agreement.

If you have any questions, please email us at
Editorial Board
Mangal Research Journal (MRJ)

Privacy Statement

Nepal Journals Online (NepJOL) is a member of the Ubiquity Partner Network coordinated by Ubiquity Press. According to the EU definitions, NepJOL is the data controller, and Ubiquity Press are the service providers and data processors. Ubiquity Press provide the technical platform and some publishing services to NepJOL and operate under the principle of data minimisation where only the minimal amount of personal data that is required to carry out a task is obtained.

More information on the type of data that is required can be found in Ubiquity Press’ privacy policy below.

Ubiquity Press Privacy Policy

We take seriously our duty to process your personal data in a fair and transparent way. We collect and manage user data according to the following Privacy Policy. This document is part of our Terms of Service, and by using the press portal, affiliated journals, book, conference and repository websites (the “Websites”), you agree to the terms of this Privacy Policy and the Terms of Service. Please read the Terms of Service in their entirety, and refer to those for definitions and contacts.

What type of personal data do we handle?

There are four main categories of personal data stored by our journal platform, our press platform, and our book management system; Website User data, Author data, Reviewer data and Editor data.

The minimum personal data that are stored are:

  • full name
  • email address
  • affiliation (department, and institution)
  • country of residence

Optionally, the user can provide:

  • salutation
  • gender
  • associated URL
  • phone number
  • fax number
  • reviewing interests
  • mailing address
  • ORCiD
  • a short biography
  • interests
  • Twitter profile
  • LinkedIn profile
  • ImpactStory profile
  • profile picture

The data subjects have complete control of this data through their profile, and can request for it to be removed by contacting

What do we do to keep that data secure?

We regularly backup our databases, and we use reliable cloud service providers (Amazon, Google Cloud, Linode) to ensure they are kept securely. Backups are regularly rotated and the old data is permanently deleted. We have a clear internal data handling policy, restricting access to the data and backups to key employees only. In case of a data breach, we will report the breach to the affected users, and to the press/journal contacts within 72 hours.

How do we use the data?

Personal information is only used to deliver the services provided by the publisher. Personal data is not shared externally except for author names, affiliations, emails, and links to ORCiD and social media accounts (if provided) in published articles and books which are displayed as part of the article/book and shared externally to indexes and databases. If a journal operates under open peer review then the reviewer details are published alongside the reviewer details.

How we collect and use your data:

1. When using the website

1.1 what data we collect

  • When you browse our website, we collect anonymised data about your use of the website; for example, we collect information about which pages you view, which files you download, what browser you are using, and when you were using the site.
  • When you comment on an article or book using Disqus, we are not collecting, controlling or processing the data. More details on the DISQUS privacy policy can be found on their website.
  • When you annotate an article or book, this is done via a 3rd party plugin to the website called In using this plugin we are not collecting, controlling or processing the data. More details on the privacy policy can be found on their website.

1.2 why we collect the data

  • We use anonymised website usage data to monitor traffic, help fix bugs, and see overall patterns that inform future redesigns of the website, and provide reports on how frequently the publications on our site have been accessed from within their IP ranges.

1.3 what we do (and don’t do) with the data

  • We do not collect personal information that can be used to identify you when you browse the website.
  • We currently use Google Analytics for publication reports, and to improve the website and services through traffic analysis, but no personal identifying data is shared with Google (for example your computer’s IP is anonymised before transmission).

1.4 what to do if you want to get a copy of your data, or want your data to be removed

  • Please contact to request a copy of your data, or for your data to be removed/anonymised.

2. When registering as an author, and submitting an article or book

2.1 what data we collect

  • When registering an account we ask you to log in and provide certain personal information (such as your name and email address), and there is the option to register using an ORCiD which will pre-fill the registration form.
  • As part of submitting an article for publication, you will need to provide personally identifying information which will be used for the peer review process, and will be published. This can include ‘Affiliation’, ‘Competing interests’, ‘Acknowledgements’.

2.2 why we collect the data

  • Registering an account allows you to log in, manage your profile, and participate as an author/reviewer/editor. We use cookies and session information to streamline your use of the website (for example in order for you to remain logged-in when you return to a journal). You can block or delete cookies and still be able to use the websites, although if you do you will then need to enter your username and password to login. In order to take advantage of certain features of the websites, you may also choose to provide us with other personal information, such as your ORCiD, but your decision to utilize these features and provide such data will always be voluntary.
  • Personal data submitted with the article or book is collected to allow follow good publication ethics during the review process, and will form part of the official published record in order for the provenance of the work to be established, and for the work to be correctly attributed.

2.3 what we do (and don’t do) with the data

  • We do not share your personal information with third parties, other than as part of providing the publishing service.
  • As a registered author in the system you may be contacted by the journal editor to submit another article.
  • Any books published on the platform are freely available to download from the publisher website in PDF, EPUB and MOBI formats on the publisher’s site.
  • Any personal data accompanying an article or a book (that will have been added by the submitting author) is published alongside it. The published data includes the names, affiliations and email addresses of all authors.
  • Any articles published on the platform are freely available to download from the publisher website in various formats (e.g. PDF, XML).
  • Ubiquity Press books and articles are typeset by SiliconChips and Diacritech.This process involves them receiving the book and book associated metadata and contacting the authors to finalise the layout. Ubiquity Press work with these suppliers to ensure that personal data is only used for the purposes of typesetting and proofing.
  • For physical purchases of books on the platform Ubiquity Press use print on demand services via Lightning Source who are responsible for printing and distribution via retailers. (For example; Amazon, Book Repository, Waterstones). Lightning Source’s privacy policy and details on data handling can be found on their website.

2.4 why we store the data

  • We store the account data so that you may choose to become a reviewer and be able to perform those tasks, or to become an author and submit an article and then track progress of that article.
  • Published personal data that accompanies an article or a book forms part of the official published record in order for the provenance of the work to be established, and for the work to be correctly attributed.

2.5 what to do if you want to get a copy of your data, or want your data to be removed

  • You are able to view, change and remove your data associated with your profile. Should you choose to completely delete your account, please contact us at and we will follow up with your request as soon as possible.
  • To conform to publication ethics and best practice any personal data that is published alongside an article or book cannot be removed. If you have a query about a publication to which you are attributed please contact

3. When registering as a reviewer

3.1 what data we collect

  • To become a reviewer you must first register as a user on the website, and set your preference that you would like to be considered as a reviewer. No new personal data is collected when a registered user elects to become a reviewer.
  • When registering an account we ask you to log in and provide certain personal information (such as your name and email address), and there is the option to register using an ORCiD which will pre-fill the registration form.
  • Reviewers can also be registered by editors who invite them to review a specific article. This requires the editor to provide the reviewer’s First Name, Last Name, and Email address. Normally this will be done as part of the process of inviting you to review the article or book.
  • On submitting a review, the reviewer includes a competing interest statement, they may answer questions about the quality of the article, and they will submit their recommendation.

3.2 why we collect the data

  • The data entered is used to invite the reviewer to peer review the article or book, and to contact the reviewer during and the review process.
  • If you submit a review then the details of your review, including your recommendation, your responses to any review form, your free-form responses, your competing interests statement, and any cover letter are recorded.

3.3 what we do (and don’t do) with the data

  • This data is not shared publicly and is only accessible by the Editor and system administrators of that journal or press.
  • The data will only be used in connection with that journal or press.
  • Data that is retained post final decision is kept to conform to publication ethics and best practice, to provide evidence of peer review, and to resolve any disputes relating to the peer review of the article or book.
  • For journals or presses that publish the peer reviews, you will be asked to give consent to your review being published, and a subset of the data you have submitted will become part of the published record.

3.4 what to do if you want to get a copy of your data, or want your data to be removed

  • If you would no longer like to be registered as a reviewer you can edit your profile and tick the box ‘stop being a reviewer’. This will remove you from the reviewer database, however any existing reviews you may have carried out will remain.
  • If you have been contacted by an editor to peer review an article this means that you have been registered in the system. If you would not like to be contacted for peer review you can reply to the email requesting that your data be deleted.

4. When being registered as a co-author

4.1 what data we collect

  • Co-author data is entered by the submitting author. The submitting author will already have a user account. According to standard publishing practice, the submitting author is responsible for obtaining the consent of their co-authors to be included (including having their personal data included) in the article/book being submitted to the journal/press.
  • The requested personal data for co-authors are at the bare minimum; first name, last name, institution, country, email address. This can also include; ORCID ID, Title, Middle Name, Biographical Statement, Department, Twitter Handle, Linkedin Profile Name or ImpactStory ID.

4.2 why we collect the data

  • Assuming that it is accepted for publication, this data forms part of the official published record in order for the provenance of the work to be established, and for the work to be correctly attributed.
  • Author names, affiliations and emails are required for publication and will become part of the permanent cited record.

4.3 what we do (and don’t do) with the data

  • The co-author’s personal data is stored in the author database. This personal data is only used in relation to the publication of the associated article.
  • Any co-author data collected is added to the author database and is only used in association with the article the user is co-author on.

4.5 what to do if you want to get a copy of your data, or want your data to be removed

  • To receive a copy of your data, please contact
  • To conform to publication ethics and best practice any personal data that is published alongside an article or book cannot be removed. If you have a query about a publication to which you are attributed please contact

5. When signing-up to receive newsletters

5.1 what data we collect

  • We require you to include your name and email address

5.2 why we collect and store the data, and for how long

  • This data would be collected to keep you updated with any news about the platform or specific journal

5.3 what we do (and don’t do) with the data

  • We use mailchimp to provide our mailing list services. Their privacy policy can be found here

5.4 what to do if you want to get a copy of your data or want your data to be removed

  • All emails sent via our newsletter client will include a link that will allow you to unsubscribe from the mailing list

Notification about change of ownership or of control of data

We may choose to buy or sell assets. In the case that control of data changes to or from Ubiquity Press and a third party, or in the case of change of ownership of Ubiquity Press or of part of the business where the control of personal data is transferred, we will do our best to inform all affected users and present the options.

(Updated: 1 March 2022)