Estimating tiger and its prey abundance in Bardia National Park, Nepal

  • J. B. Karki Kathmandu Forestry College, Kathmandu
  • Y. V. Jhala Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun
  • B. Pandav Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun
  • S. R. Jnawali WWF Nepal Hariyoban Program
  • R. Shrestha WWF Canada
  • K. Thapa WWF Nepal
  • G. Thapa WWF Nepal
  • N. M. B. Pradhan Bird Conservation Nepal
  • B. R. Lamichane National Trust for Nature Conservation
  • S. M. Barber-Meyer WWF US, Present Address: US Geological Survey, ELY MN
Keywords: Bardia, Camera trap, Density, Line transect, Tiger, Wild prey

Abstract

We estimated tiger and wild prey abundance in the Bardia National Park of Nepal. Tiger abundance was estimated from camera trap mark recapture in 85 days between December, 2008 to March, 2009 by placing 50 camera trap pairs in 197 trap locations with a sampling effort of 2,944 trap nights. We photo captured 16 individuals (≥1.5 year old) tigers identified on the basis of their unique stripe patterns. The number and density (per 100 km2) of tiger was 19 (SE 3.3) and 1.31 (SE 0.32), respectively. Distance sampling was used to assess the prey abundance on 170 systematically laid line transects between May–June, 2009. The density of all the wild prey (individuals/km2) was 56.3 (SE 6.5). The density (individuals/km2

Banko Janakari

A Journal of Forestry Information for Nepal

Vol. 26, No. 1, Page:  60-69, 2016

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Abstract
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Published
2016-08-23
How to Cite
Karki, J., Jhala, Y., Pandav, B., Jnawali, S., Shrestha, R., Thapa, K., Thapa, G., Pradhan, N. M., Lamichane, B., & Barber-Meyer, S. (2016). Estimating tiger and its prey abundance in Bardia National Park, Nepal. Banko Janakari, 26(1), 60-69. https://doi.org/10.3126/banko.v26i1.15503
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Articles