Effect of heat stress on crossbred dairy cattle in tropical Nepal: Impact on blood parameters

  • Tulasi Prasad Paudel Nepal Agricultural Research Council (NARC), Sinhadarbar Plaza, Kathmandu https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0840-9946
  • Buddhi Ram Acharya Nepal Agricultural Research Council (NARC), Sinhadarbar Plaza, Kathmandu
  • Dainik Bahadur Karki Agriculture and Forestry University (AFU), Rampur, Chitwan, Nepal
  • Bhola Shankar Shrestha Nepal Agricultural Research Council (NARC), Sinhadarbar Plaza, Kathmandu
Keywords: Heat Stress, Salt Balance, Haematology


Chitwan district of Nepal has been known as the dairy kingdom of the country considering its strategic location and
potential to easily provision inputs and produce as well as market quality milk across the country. However, the
climate especially during summer has been a challenge to farmers that potentially compromise the daily milk yield
of cows. Therefore, sixteen crossbred dairy cattle were placed in a RCBD fashion to assess the impacts of cold water
bathing in ameliorating effect of heat stress on their performance and body physiology. Routine assessment of the
microclimate within the experimental shed and blood parameters was made. The results from the experiment
inferred that frequency of bathing (none, once, twice or thrice a day) did not have any significant impact on
Haemoglobin, Haematocrit, Sodium, Potassium, Chloride and Bicarbonate levels in the blood plasma(p>0.05). In
addition, the animals did not exhibit any signs of physiological distress clinically either. A detailed study scoping
temperature humidity index and over a number of other milk and blood parameters are to be tested across a number
of other available breeds too in order for the researchers to come to a meaningful strategy to beat the heat stress.


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